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O Bem na Filosofia Antiga: Leituras Contemporâneas 

The Good in Ancient Philosophy: Contemporary Retrievals 

shttps://www.publicacoesfacfil.pt/product.php?id_product=9001

Editors:

Cristiane A. de Azevedo
Francisco Moraes
João Carlos Onofre Pinto

© 2021 Aletheia – Associação Científica e Cultural

© 2021 Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia

Volume 77
Issue 1
Braga
Publisher Axioma – Publicacções da Faculdade de Filosofia

ISBN 978-972-697-337-9 (Paperback) ; 978-972-697-338-6 (eBook)

ISSN 0870-5283; 2183-461X

DOI 10.17990/RPF/2020_77_1_0000

Language Portuguese, English, Spanish, French and Italian

# of Pages 464

Date Added 30/04/2021

Presentation

Why talk about the Good in present times? It seems unreasonable, naïve, and romantic in these days of isolation, sadness, and needs of all kinds; days that make it hard for us to see a way out. However, it is precisely because we live in challenging times that it becomes urgent to talk and think about the Good, its practice, its works and its power to make the human, Human. In this special issue we propose to engage in contemporary readings on the question of the Good in ancient philosophy. We go over some of the thoughts produced then and still relevant to our time. The dialogue with the ancients has become extremely necessary because of the difficulty to conceive the good life beyond the narrow limits imposed by present closed model of well-being and its promises of economic prosperity, which are increasingly distant from our daily reality, characterized by the desire for security, by fear, and by the exclusion of differences.In ancient philosophy, many ways lead to the Good. The first major dispute on the subject opposes Socrates and Plato to sophistry; then it unfolds in the clash between Aristotle and Plato. The good is also the object of desire for Plotinus and continues to be disputed by Epicureans, Stoics, Cynics and Skeptics. In ancient philosophy, the search for the good is inseparable from the question of the best way of living available to human beings, a question that must be answered in a practical way. With this special issue we want to retrieve the ancient thought on the Good with the purpose of deepening the reflection about the ways to the good life. The volume is divided into four sections. The first one addresses issues related to the conceptions of happiness and the different understandings of the notion of good, bringing us reflections on moral action. The next section discusses the nature and the knowledge of the good, articulating desire and self-sufficiency, as well as the relative or absolute character of the good. The third section considers the good from the perspective of action and its intentionality, seeking to highlight the link between the human good and the other goods. The fourth and last section presents readings, by contemporary authors, who have been influenced by the ancient problematization of the good.

Contents

Cristiane A. de Azevedo, Francisco Moraes, and João Carlos Onofre Pinto, “Presentation – The Good in Ancient Philosophy: Contemporary Retrievals,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 13–18, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0013.

Conceptions of Happiness and Notions of Good

Aldo Dinucci and Kelli Rudolph, “O Bem Humano em Epicteto,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 21–46, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0021.

Alex R Gillham, “Classifying the Epicurean Goods,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 47–70, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0047.

Huaiyuan Zhang, “What Does Divination Mean for Plato’s Socrates? On the Relationship between Being and the Good,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 71–92, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0071.

Giannicola Maraglino, “Eudaimonia: il ritorno agli antichi e degli antichi. Annotazioni attorno ad una proposta filosofica,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 93–118, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0093.

Nature and Knowledge of Good

Paulo Butti de Lima, “A Autossuficiência do Bem. Sobre alguns Paradoxos da Ética Aristotélica,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 121–42, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0121.

Luís Felipe Bellintani Ribeiro, “Sobre o Caráter Absoluto ou Relativo da Noção de Bem em sua Conexão com as Noções de Forma e Matéria,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 143–62, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0143.

Aaron Morgan Anderson, “Good’s Irreducibility: The Discordancy Argument and Aristotle,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 163–80, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0163.

Francisco Marques Miranda Filho, “Desejo, Fantasia, Cognição e Bem Aparente em Aristóteles,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 181–202, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0181.

The Good and the Intentionality of Action

Alice Bitencourt Haddad, “Sobre o Bem nas Memoráveis de Xenofonte,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 205–16, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0205.

Mário Maximo, “Aristóteles Contra o Bem dos Economistas,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 217–34, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0217.

Cristiane A. de Azevedo, “A Insuficiência das Leis: uma Reflexão sobre o Pensamento de Antifonte,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 235–50, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0235.

Francisco Moraes, “Aristóteles e a Hierarquia dos Bens,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 251–70, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0251.

Marco Zingano, “Revisiting the Boy-and-Girl Fallacy at Nicomachean Ethics I 2,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 271–94, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0271.

The Good: Contemporary Appropriations

Fabíola Menezes Araújo and Micael Rosa Silva, “A Doença de Sócrates, ou a Doença Sócrates? Nietzsche entre Instinto e Razão,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 297–324, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0297.

Jonas Holst, “Ethics of Friendship: Ancient and Modern Philosophical Approaches to the Good,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 325–40, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0325.

Francesca Simeoni, “« Expliquer le bien par une image ». Simone Weil et l’image platonicienne du Bien dans la République,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 341–56, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0341.

Benjamin Hole, “Aristotle’s Account of Moral Perception (EN.VI.8) & Nussbaum’s Priority of the Particular Thesis,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 357–80, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0357.

Varia

Santiago Chame, “El logos propio y el problema de la verdad en Antístenes,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 383–410, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0383.

John Farina, “Nationalism, Globalism, and Religion,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 411–26, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0411.

In Memoriam

Bruno Nobre, “In Memoriam. José Bernardino Fernandes, SJ (1929-2021),” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 429–32, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0429.

Book Reviews

Andreas Gonçalves Lind, “Book Review – Ferry, Jean-Marc. Métaphysiques. Le sens commun au défi du réel. Paris: Les Éditions Cerf, 2021,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 435–38, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0435.

João Faria Silva, “Book Review – Miguens, Sofia, João Alberto Pinto, e Diana Couto (Eds.) Filosofia da Mente – Uma Antologia. Porto: Editora da Universidade do Porto, 2019.,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 439–46, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0439.

Ricardo N. Henriques, “Book Review – Burley, Mikel. Wittgenstein, Religion and Ethics – New Perspectives from Philosophy and Theology. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018.,” Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 77, no. 1 (2021): 447–52, shttps://doi.org/10.17990/RPF/2021_77_1_0447.